1. Types of PAYT Programs

1. Types of PAYT Programs

Pay-as-you-Throw (PAYT) may be introduced as a partial PAYT or a full PAYT program. Full PAYT programs achieve higher waste diversion rates than Partial PAYT programs since homeowners required to pay for each bag of waste set out tend to try and reduce their costs over time.

Partial PAYT

Under a partial PAYT system, a designated number of bags/containers are permitted without requiring advance payment. Any additional bags/containers must be tagged with a prepaid marker (i.e. by purchasing a tag and sticking it on each additional bag of waste).

Based on the 2014 Datacall, there are 73 municipalities with partial PAYT representing 30% of Ontario municipalities.

Communities with partial PAYT programs:

  • Niagara Region – 1 bag free
  • Simcoe County – 1 bag free
  • Dufferin County – 1 bag free
  • Town of Georgina – 1 bag free
  • Town of New Tecumseth – 1 bag free
  • City of Barrie – 2 bag (bi-weekly = 1 bag weekly free)
  • Halton Region – 3 bag (bi-weekly – 1.5 bags weekly free)
  • City of Kawartha Lakes – 2 bags free
  • Town of Blind River – 2 bags free
  • Chippewas of Georgina Island FN – 2 bags free
  • Waterloo Region – 4 bag PAYT (bi-weekly = 2 bags weekly free)


Under a full PAYT program, all waste must be paid for in advance and tagged at the curb.

Based on the 2014 Datacall, there are 48 municipalities (excluding Toronto) with full PAYT, representing 20% of Ontario municipalities.

Communities with full PAYT programs:

  • Oxford County
  • Wellington County
  • Quinte Waste Solutions
  • Bruce Area Solid Waste Recycling
  • Northumberland County

Alternative Approach to Full PAYT

The City of Toronto and some municipalities in the Bluewater Recycling Association (BRA) have a full PAYT program but instead of using bags or tags, residents pay according to the volume they set out via subscription fees for different sized carts. This approach is commonly referred to as a Variable Rate Cart Program.

Per: 2014 Datacall, almost half (43%) of all Ontario households (excluding Toronto) must comply with partial or full PAYT programs. Of these, most households (34%) are part of a partial PAYT program, with the remaining (9%) under a full PAYT program.